APLICABILIDADE DA LASERTERAPIA DE BAIXA POTÊNCIA NA MOVIMENTAÇÃO ORTODÔNTICA E REDUÇÃO DA DOR: REVISÃO NARRATIVA

Autores

  • Bianca Nascimento Carvalho Faculdade Adventista da Bahia
  • Raquel Naara de Moraes Carvalho Aluna de graduação da Faculdade Adventista da Bahia
  • Juliana Borges de Lima Dantas Faculdade Adventista da Bahia
  • Kendall Capibaribe Sousa Ferreira Faculdade Adventista da Bahia

Palavras-chave:

Terapia a laser de baixa potência, Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária, Ortodontia, Analgesia

Resumo

Introdução: O tratamento ortodôntico representa um
complexo de procedimentos odontológicos baseados
na correção da maloclusão e/ou da estética. A dor pósajuste
e o longo período de tratamento têm sido os
principais motivos pelos quais os pacientes deixam de
realizar esse tipo de intervenção. A terapia com laser
de baixa potência (LBP) é um método de irradiação
não invasivo que utiliza radiação não ionizante com
efeito bioestimulador. Objetivo: Avaliar a influência
do LBP na aceleração da movimentação dentária, bem
como na capacidade de analgesia durante o tratamento
ortodôntico. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão
narrativa da literatura baseada através da busca ativa
de artigos durante o período de junho a agosto de
2020, publicados nas bases de dados Pubmed, LILACS
e Scielo, através da combinação dos descritores Decs/
Mesh na língua inglesa: “Low-Level Light Therapy”,
“Photobiomodulation”, “Analgesia”, “Orthodontic
Tooth movement” e “Orthodontics”, usando o operador
booleano AND. Após análise inicial, um total de 57 artigos
preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Desenvolvimento:
Forças ortodônticas aplicadas durante a movimentação
ortodôntica desencadeiam a inflamação, que libera
células responsáveis pela remodelação óssea e mediadores
químicos capazes de tornar o tratamento doloroso.
O LBP produz efeito analgésico através da inibição
de substâncias indutoras de dor, além de estimular
o metabolismo celular e a remodelação óssea, com
aceleração do movimento ortodôntico. Considerações
Finais: O LBP é um método eficaz para acelerar a
movimentação dentária e reduzir a dor provenientes
do tratamento ortodôntico. Todavia, mais estudos são
necessários na tentativa de se obter a real eficácia e o
melhor protocolo a ser reproduzido.

Biografia do Autor

Juliana Borges de Lima Dantas, Faculdade Adventista da Bahia

Cirurgiã-dentista. Mestre em Estomatologia
pela Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde
Pública. Doutoranda do Programa de Pósgraduação
em Processos Interativos dos
Órgãos e Sistemas da Universidade Federal da
Bahia – UFBA, Brasil. Professora da Faculdade
Adventista da Bahia.

Kendall Capibaribe Sousa Ferreira, Faculdade Adventista da Bahia

Cirurgião-dentista. Especialista em
Ortodontia pela Faculdades Integradas do
Norte de Minas - Funorte. Mestrando em
Ortodontia pelo Centro Universitário da
Fundação Hermínio Ometto - FHO, Brasil.
Professor da Faculdade Adventista da Bahia

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Publicado

2021-04-20

Como Citar

Nascimento Carvalho, B., Naara de Moraes Carvalho, R., Borges de Lima Dantas, J., & Capibaribe Sousa Ferreira, K. (2021). APLICABILIDADE DA LASERTERAPIA DE BAIXA POTÊNCIA NA MOVIMENTAÇÃO ORTODÔNTICA E REDUÇÃO DA DOR: REVISÃO NARRATIVA. Revista Brasileira De Saúde Funcional, 11(1), 77. Recuperado de https://seer-adventista.com.br/ojs3/index.php/RBSF/article/view/1387